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 Profil für SchrantzAndreas
Name SchrantzAndreas 
Geburtsdatum 3. Juni 1967
Geschlecht: männlich
Geschriebene Beiträge:
Beschäftigung lophophora williamsii 
Hobbies lophophora williamsii 
Wohnort Germany 
Biographie Lophophora williamsii (commonly named peyote) is a tiny, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, especially mescaline. Peyote makes use of crassulacean acid metabolic rate (CAM), a different form of photosynthesis that exists in succulents such as cacti and other desert plants. Its transcriptome can be considered an important source for future research concentrated on recognizing just how these plants make much more efficient use of water in low atmospheres and additionally for research concentrated on better understanding of the total mechanisms leading to manufacturing of plant all-natural items as well as secondary metabolites. The "Peyote" is a tiny, fleshy cactus without spines that grows wild in the Mexican highlands as well as in the arid regions of South-western United States. Peyote comes from the genus Lophophora, that includes two varieties, L. williamsii as well as L. diffusa. This lophophora williamsii plant is capable of generating big amounts of alkaloids with psychotropic activity, such as β-phenylethylamine or tetrahydroisoquinoline, which are stemmed from the amino acid tyrosine. The feature of a lot of alkaloids in plants is vague and also their significance in metabolic process is very controversial. Alkaloids are heterocyclic substances which contain a nitrogen atom. The setting of the nitrogen atom in the hydrocarbon ring differs amongst different alkaloids and also various plant family members. The degrees of alkaloids in plants additionally vary from trace total up to approximately 10 % of completely dry weight, and also a single plant species could contain over one thousand of different kinds. A lot of alkaloids are extremely harmful as well as for that reason have the possible to work in the chemical defense collection of plants against attack by microorganisms and herbivores. Alkaloids have commonly been of fantastic interest to people because of their pronounced physical and clinical homes. Peyote mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a class I hallucinogenic alkaloid, and although it is chemically unassociated to lysergic acid diethyl amide (LSD), the hallucinogenic impacts of mescaline are similar to those of LSD, albeit longer long lasting. 
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